Wednesday 18 April 2018
(Reuters (Eng) 07/27/13)
CAIRO — When Egypt's army was last in charge, little more than a year ago, 27-year-old artist Mohamed Haroun painted a picture of the senior general surrounded by money looted from the state. Now the army is back in control, he plans to sketch the new military chief plucking a drowning country from the sea. ”Tantawi was from the old regime,” said Haroun, referring to Field Marshall Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, who ran Egypt from 2011 to 2012 after the overthrow of his former comrade-in-arms, Hosni Mubarak. In contrast, Haroun said General Abdel Fattah el-Sissi, who pushed aside President Mohamed Morsi this month, “showed us he is one of us.” Many of those Egyptians opposed to Morsi say their admiration for...
(Voice of America 07/27/13)
Mali heads to the polls Sunday for a presidential election that many hope will mark the beginning of the end to more than 18 months of crisis. A lot has gone wrong since January 2012. There was a separatist Tuareg rebellion, a military coup, an Islamist occupation of the north, and a French-led military intervention that is now being transformed into a massive U.N. mission to stabilize the country. Campaigning wraps up Friday for the country's 27 presidential hopefuls. "A strong Mali; a new Mali; Mali above all; Mali, our pride; the Mali of our ambitions." - the 27 candidates have all been singing pretty much the same tune, pledging to reconcile the country, rebuild and root out corruption. Mali...
(AL Jazeera 07/27/13)
Muslim Brotherhood spokesman says security forces opened fire on demonstrators in Cairo after day of rival mass rallies. Dozens of supporters of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi have reportedly been killed in clashes with security forces in the capital, Cairo, after a night of mass protests. The exact death toll from Saturday's violence was not immediately clear, but reporters from Reuters and AFP news agencies counted more than 30 bodies laid out at a makeshift mortuary at a field hospital set up by the demonstrators. Doctors at the field hospital said 75 people had been killed close to the Morsi supporters' nearly month-old sit-in at the Rabaah al-Adawiyah Mosque in Cairo's Nasr City. There was no immediate comment from state...
(Reuters (Eng) 07/27/13)
(Reuters) - Egyptian security forces shot dead at least 70 supporters of ousted President Mohammed Mursi on Saturday, his Muslim Brotherhood said, days after the army chief called for a popular mandate to tackle "violence and terrorism". Brotherhood spokesman Gehad El-Haddad said the shooting started shortly before pre-dawn morning prayers on the fringes of a round-the-clock sit-in being staged by backers of Mursi, who was toppled by the army more than three weeks ago. "They are not shooting to wound, they are shooting to kill," Haddad said. The death toll might be much higher, he said. Activists rushed blood-spattered casualties into a makeshift hospital, some were carried in on planks or blankets. One ashen teenager was laid out on the...
(Huffingtonpost 07/27/13)
South Africa's failure to successfully engage some of Africa's most troublesome conflict zones has undermined the country's credibility and cast doubt about whether South Africa should be perceived as the continent's regional military and political leader. Ineffectual leadership is at the heart of the matter. President Zuma has made some dubious decisions regarding South Africa's regional foreign policy, and his inability to meaningfully address the plethora of domestic problems facing the country raises question about its suitability as Africa's de facto leader. Attempts to promote human rights -- a trademark of South Africa's foreign policy for the past 20 years -- have resulted in the adoption of some erratic policy decisions. For example, the South African government has numerous times...
(The New York Times 07/26/13)
CAIRO — Supporters and opponents of the deposed president, Mohamed Morsi, turned out in vast dueling demonstrations across Egypt on Friday, flooding the streets and raising tensions further after a week of violence that left more than a dozen people dead. As the military set up checkpoints in Cairo, tens of thousands of flag-waving people in Tahrir Square cheered the military takeover, with many in the crowd holding up posters of the general who ousted Mr. Morsi and had called on Wednesday for demonstrations that he said would give him a “mandate” to fight terrorism. Helicopters flew low over the crowd and families posed for photographs with soldiers next to their armored vehicles. At the same time, Mr. Morsi’s Islamist...
(Reuters (Eng) 07/26/13)
(Reuters) - Egyptian authorities have arbitrarily arrested and detained Syrian refugees as sentiment against them grows, the United Nations refugee agency said on Friday. The climate of hostility has increased since the Egyptian army seized power this month, human rights groups say. More than 90,000 Syrians are believed to have come to Egypt to escape the civil war, now in its third year. U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) spokeswoman Melissa Fleming said Syrians had been accused of taking part in protests supporting Islamist President Mohamed Mursi, who was toppled by the army on July 3. The UNHCR had requested access to 85 detained Syrians and assurances that they will not be returned to Syria, she told a news briefing...
(AL Jazeera 07/26/13)
Attacks on Christians following the revolution led the minority to back an army coup, creating more polarisation. The army’s removal of Egypt’s first civilian elected president may have unleashed deadly clashes but for the country’s Coptic Christian minority it has brought relief. While sectarian violence is becoming a pressing concern of human rights groups and attacks on Copts have continued since President Mohamed Morsi was deposed on July 3, many believe they are are now safer. Observers say that although the latest clashes will test the authorities’ determination to chart a new course, suspension of the Islamist-tinged constitution offers minorities new hope. Michael Ayoub, a 24-year old programme assistant in Cairo, said: “It’s safer now, even if only slightly. “At...
(Bloomberg 07/26/13)
The Muslim Brotherhood’s leader urged Egyptians to rally for “freedom,” setting the Islamists on a collision course with an army that’s signaled it’s losing patience with protests in support of ousted President Mohamed Mursi. The appeal by Mohammed Badie, the Brotherhood’s supreme guide, came a day after military chief Abdelfatah al-Seesi urged Egyptians to take to the streets tomorrow to give the military and police a broad mandate to combat “violence” and “terrorism.” The military issued a further statement on its Facebook page today, giving a 48-hour ultimatum and warning that its tactics in dealing with violence and terrorism would change after tomorrow. The appeal by al-Seesi, who announced Mursi’s overthrow on July 3, signaled a potential crackdown against Islamists...
(AFP (eng) 07/26/13)
Tense Egypt braced Friday for a showdown in the streets between supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi and his army-backed opponents, who have called rival rallies across the Arab world's most populous country. Tensions soared when the military reportedly gave Morsi's backers until the end of Friday to end sit-in protests they began after the army deposed the Islamist president on July 3. Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood and allied Islamist groups have vowed to press their protests until he is reinstated and have sharpened the rhetoric by warning of "civil war", while calling for a huge turnout on the streets on Friday. Army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi had earlier in the week set the scene for a potential showdown by calling...
(Voice of America 07/26/13)
An Egyptian judge has ordered the continued detention of ousted President Mohamed Morsi on charges he conspired with the Palestinian militant group Hamas, as the country braces for rival protests Friday. The official MENA news agency said Morsi has been detained for 15 days for investigation into the charges. The Islamist leader has been held without charge in secret military detention since July 3, when he was removed by Egypt's army. Investigators are determining whether Morsi worked with Hamas to help him and dozens of other Islamist leaders escape from prison during the 2011 uprising that toppled former President Hosni Mubarak. Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood has said local residents helped free the prisoners. But a Cairo court has been investigating whether...
(Reuters (Eng) 07/26/13)
(Reuters) - Ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Mursi is under investigation for an array of charges including murder, the state news agency said on Friday, stoking tensions as opposing political camps took to the streets. Confirming the potential for bloodshed, two men were killed in confrontations in Egypt's second city Alexandria and a further 19 were hurt, Mena news agency reported. Heeding a call by army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi for a popular mandate, hundreds of thousands rallied in numerous cities, welcoming the military's pledge to confront weeks of violence unleashed by the overthrow of Mursi on July 3. Supporters of the deposed Islamist leader also staged mass, counter-demonstrations to demand his reinstatement, shrugging off fears of an imminent crackdown...
(The New York Times 07/26/13)
WASHINGTON — The Obama administration has concluded it is not legally required to determine whether the Egyptian military engineered a coup d’état in ousting President Mohamed Morsi, a senior administration official said Thursday, a finding that will allow it to continue to funnel $1.5 billion in American aid to Egypt each year. The legal opinion, submitted to the White House by lawyers from the State Department and other agencies, amounts to an escape hatch for President Obama and his advisers, who had concluded that cutting off financial assistance could destabilize Egypt at an already fragile moment and would pose a threat to neighbors like Israel. The senior official did not describe the legal reasoning behind the finding, saying only, “The...
(AFP (eng) 07/26/13)
A top Egyptian court has ordered that ousted president Mohamed Morsi be detained for questioning over suspected collaboration with Palestinian militant group Hamas, official MENA news agency reported Friday. Morsi will be quizzed on whether he collaborated with Hamas in attacks on police stations and prison breaks in early 2011, in which the Islamist and other political inmates escaped during the revolt against strongman Hosni Mubarak, it said. The alleged crimes are being investigated by a Cairo court that was tasked to determine how inmates broke out of a prison late January 2011, after accusations Morsi's Islamist group sought the help of the Hamas rulers of Gaza. The order comes as a tense Egypt braced Friday for a showdown in...
(Voice of America 07/26/13)
CAIRO — Egypt faces another round of rallies Friday, as the military calls on citizens to show support for their maintaining control. Egypt has rarely been without demonstrations in recent weeks, but Friday's is the first openly called for by the military. "They come out to give me the mandate and order that I confront violence and potential terrorism," said armed forces chief Abdel Fattah el-Sissi. His warning offered little compromise with supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi, who vow to stay on the streets until their leader is reinstated. Their Muslim Brotherhood-led rallies have been flash points of violence. The army blames the protesters, but many contest those charges. Human rights analyst Priyanka Motaparthy said, "Consistently the police have...
(BBC News Africa 07/26/13)
The Egyptian army has warned it will use force against groups resorting to violence during rallies on Friday. Army chief Gen Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has called on people to take to the streets to give the military a mandate to confront violence and "terrorism". Supporters of Mohammed Morsi are also due to protest. He has been held since being ousted as president on 3 July. Prosecutors say he is being detained over alleged links with the Palestinian militant groups Hamas. State-run Mena news agency says Mr Morsi is being investigated over allegations of colluding with Hamas to storm police stations and jails during the 2001 uprising, "setting fire to one prison and enabling inmates to flee, including himself, as well...
(Voice of America 07/26/13)
WASHINGTON — U.S. officials and Middle East experts are closely monitoring the situation in Egypt, where they are concerned about possible violence during rival pro- and anti-government demonstrations expected Friday. The concerns heightened this week when Egypt's military leader, General Abdel Fattah el-Sissi, called for mass street demonstrations to showcase strong popular support of the military's planned campaign to stamp out what it said was violence and terrorism. "Please, shoulder your responsibility with me, your army and the police, and show your numbers and steadfastness in the face of what is going on," el-Sissi said. Sissi's call came on a day in which 12 people died in clashes between Muslim Brotherhood supporters of deposed president Mohamed Morsi and those backing...
(Voice of America 07/26/13)
CAPITOL HILL — Some U.S. lawmakers say there should be no immediate cut-off of American aid to Egypt following the military ouster of President Mohamed Morsi. The future of that assistance was the focus of a Senate hearing one day after the Obama administration announced a delay in the delivery of F-16 fighter jets to Egypt. For decades, Egypt has been a top recipient of U.S. foreign aid, including substantial military assistance. The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Democrat Robert Menendez, says aid should continue to flow, at least for now. “Abandoning Egypt would be a particularly poor policy choice,” he said. Similarly, the committee’s top Republican, Senator Bob Corker, argued in favor of soothing tensions between Washington...
(Irish Times 07/26/13)
Hundreds of thousands expected to protest at rallies. Egypt’s rival political camps are set to face off today in a duel of the squares, with each trying to muster mass support for its claim to legitimacy. Hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions, are expected to heed the call to liberals, secularists, moderate Muslims and Christians by army chief Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi for a popular mandate to counter fundamentalist “violence and terrorism.” The military predicts that more could turn out than at the June 30th protests which led to the ousting of Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi, who hails from the Muslim Brotherhood. The Brotherhood has refused to budge from its demand for Mr Morsi’s reinstatement as the price of halting protests and accepting...
(Reuters (Eng) 07/26/13)
CAIRO — Egypt interim government will seek to avoid major austerity measures and instead work to stimulate the economy by improving security and pumping in new funds, the new finance minister, Ahmed Galal, said on Thursday. The government, sworn in last week after the military ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, inherits a budget deficit that since January has been running at around $3.2 billion a month, equivalent to almost half of all state spending. It has been armed with $12 billion in aid from Gulf Arab countries who welcomed Morsi's removal. But with tens of thousands of pro-Morsi protesters on the street, it is under intense pressure to avoid unpopular steps such as increasing taxes or reducing spending on energy...

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