Tuesday 21 November 2017

Ethiopian 'Red Terror' trial opens in Dutch court

Ethiopian 'Red Terror' trial opens in Dutch court
(AFP (eng) 10/30/17)
The Red Terror Martyrs' Museum opened in Addis Ababa in 2010 to honour those killed in the 1977-78 campaign of state terror by former dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam

A Dutch-Ethiopian national Monday denied any involvement in war crimes during bloody purges in Ethiopia in the late 1970s, known as the "Red Terror," in a rare case before a Dutch court.

Prosecutors "have the wrong person," Eshetu Alemu said as his trial opened in The Hague.

"I was really shocked when I heard what prosecutors are accusing me of doing, that I could behave like that as a human being," he added.

"I deny the charges against me," the 63-year-old told the four judges.

Alemu is alleged by prosecutors to have been a henchman for Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam in northwestern Gojjam province in the 1970s.

The hearings in The Hague involve "a grim series of events involving the incarceration, torture and murder of opponents of the 1970s revolutionary regime in Ethiopia," the prosecution service said in a statement before the rial opened.

Alemu is a long-time resident of The Netherlands and has acquired Dutch citizenship.

A total of 321 victims have been named in four war crimes charges which include the "arbitrary detention and cruel and inhuman treatment of civilians and fighters who had laid down their arms," prosecutors added in a statement.

Witnesses have come forward to detail "acts of torture" which included "beatings and kicking and involved victims being tied up and suspended in mid-air while they were beaten with sticks on their faces and against their bare feet".

"In August 1978, the suspect allegedly ordered the killing of 75 young prisoners" in a church, the prosecution said, adding the bodies were then dumped in a mass grave.

In the fourth charge, Alemu is accused of "the incarceration and inhumane treatment of 240 people" sentenced to prison without trial.

Wim de Bruin, a spokesman for the Public Prosector's office, said some victims were to tell their story to the court on Thursday, with prosecutors set to ask for a sentence next week.

Mengistu ruled Ethiopia from 1977 with an iron fist following the overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie in 1974.

The strongman was then himself ousted in 1991 after a series of revolts by insurgent groups.

"Under the Mengistu-regime, Ethiopia lived through a bloody period of repression and strife at the cost of thousands of lives," the Dutch prosecutors said, referring to a period which became known as the "Red Terror".

Alemu, who has been in Dutch custody for two years, was "sentenced to death in absentia in Ethiopia for the murder of suspected opponents of the regime," prosecutors said.

But since the Ethiopian judgement cannot be carried out here, "a trial in The Netherlands is the best option to call the man to account before a court of law".

The trial is due to last around three weeks.

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