Senegalese leader lists Africa’s four security concerns
Senegalese leader Macky Sall has outlined four security challenges which Africa must tackle to ensure peace and security.
Speaking at an international security conference which opened in the town of Diamniadio, 40 km east of Dakaron Monday, President Sall said the first of such challenges involve intelligence-sharing as a starting point.
“Intelligence is the business of professionals that requires rigor and discretion” he told the 4th International Forum on Peace and Security in Africa.
The meeting is being held under the theme: “Current Security Challenges in Africa: Looking for Integrated Solutions.”
The other challenge, according to President Sall, is risk integration associated with failed states, which are themselves at the mercy of all subterranean networks, thanks to the absence of state authority.
“The third challenge is the unrelenting pursuit of education, training and employment against the radicalization of young people. It’s a first-rate security challenge. The last challenge is development in equality and social justice, which is the sine qua non for security and peace on the continent” Sall postulated.
The Senegalese leader called on the UN to rethink its peacekeeping doctrine, stressing that its traditional mode of peacekeeping is no longer appropriate.
“Each country has a history, an experience and a specificity that must be taken into account in these UN missions. We must therefore be wary of ready-made solutions,” President Sall said.
He added that military action against terrorism must be cohesive and comprehensive so as to leave no room for terrorists.
“This action must be carried out everywhere with the same rigor, and conducted by well-trained defense and security forces with strong mandates” the Senegalese leader advised.
His theory was espoused by Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, who presented the case for “a Mission for Means” vowing that people must not give in to the fear of terrorism.
He added: “Terrorism sows fear, but we will not be cowered and will continue to work for development”.
Several leaders, including Paul Kagame of Rwanda, African Union (AU) Commission president, Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chadian Prime Minister, Albert Pahimi Padake, and French Minister of the Armed Forces, Florence Parli are attending the meeting.
According to organizers, the Dakar forum brings together almost 700 participants including regional and international actors, political and military chiefs, experts, academics, diplomats, representatives from international organizations, civil societies and the private sector.
During the two-day event, the talks will emphasize the need to focus on integrated approaches, promoting exchanges, sharing experiences, synergies, at national, sub-regional and regional levels, with support from the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations.
The Dakar forum is meant to be informal.
It was launched at the Elysée Summit on Peace and Security in Africa, in Paris in 2013, at the end of which, African leaders decided to deepen it.
The holding of a high-level panel after the opening ceremony is the headline act of the 2017 edition of this latest international forum.